Act 3, Scene 1:
Macbeth: “Our fears in Banquo” … “There is none but he whose being I do fear;”
Act 3, Scene 1:
Macbeth: “Our fears in Banquo” … “There is none but he whose being I do fear;”
Act 2, Scene 1:
Characters: Macbeth, Banquo, Macbeth, Fleance
Location: A court within the castle
Time: Around midnight/early morning
Events: Banquo and Macbeth talk around midnight/1am. They talk about the witches (three weird sisters). Macbeth says that he has not been worrying nor thinking of the witches at all, and stresses the point that he is loyal to Duncan. When Macbeth is left alone, a vision of a bloody dagger comes to him, which is a reference to his ambitions to kill Macbeth.
Act 1, Scene 2:
Characters: Macbeth, Lady Macbeth
Location: A court within the castle.
Time: Once Macbeth has slain Duncan
Events: Macbeth returns from slaying King Duncan. Macbeth tells Lady Macbeth how appalled he is of his actions and the crime he has committed. He speaks of how he thought that he heard a voice speaking to him, and how he believes that he has been cursed as a consequence of his crime. He deviated from the plan and forgot to leave the daggers with the drunken guards, instead, he carried them back to Lady Macbeth with him. Lady Macbeth is ashamed of her husband’s refusal to put the daggers with the guard and smear them with Duncan’s blood to make it appear as if they were the ones guilty of the Kings death.
Macbeth: “Wake Duncan with thy knocking: I wish thou couldst!” In this quote, Macbeth is saying that he wishes that the knocking that they are hearing in the scene had the power to wake Duncan. I think that he has used the word wake because in those times, it was very much the common belief that God had taken Duncan, and that he was simply asleep in God’s kingdom, hence the use of the word wake instead of perhaps, resurrect.
Lady Macbeth: “My hands are of your color, but I shame// To wear a heart so white.” In this quote, Macbeth is saying that her hands bear the same amount of blood as Macbeth, yet she would be ashamed to be so weak as he.
Macbeth: “Will all great Neptune’s ocean wash this blood// Clean from my hand? No, this is my hand will rather// The multitudinous seas incarnadine,// Making the green one red.” In this quote, Macbeth is saying that even the great ocean of Neptune could not wash away the blood and the guilt that marks his soul, but instead, he would turn the water red with the blood on his hands and the sins and guilt on his conscience. He is saying that no matter what, he has been tainted and scarred for life and his sins will always be with him.
Act 2, Scene 3:
Characters: Porter, Macduff, Lenox, Macbeth, Lady Macbeth, Banquo, Donalbain, Malcolm.
Location: A court within the castle
Time: After Macbeth and Lady Macbeth talk about the killing of King Duncan.
Events: After Macbeth enters and is asked by Macduff whether the King is awake, and Macbeth replies unsure but believes he is still asleep, Macduff goes to the Kings chamber to discover himself. With a distressed cry, he returns and announces that the King has died. Malcolm and Donalbain discuss that they are no longer safe and decide to leave the country. Malcolm decides that he will go to South England while Donalabin goes to Ireland.
Act 2, Scene 4:
Characters: Old Man, Rosse, Macduff
Location: Outside the King’s castle
Time: In the morning
Events: Talk has it between Macduff and Rosse that Malcolm and Donalbain, King Duncan’s two sons, paid and bribed the two guards posted outside King Duncan’s room on the night he was killed to kill him. They also talk about how Macbeth has been named the successor of the throne after Duncan and procedures to make this happen are already underway.
Old Man: “T’is unnatural,// Even like the deed that’s done. On Tuesday last,// A falcon, towering in her pride of place, Was by a mousing owl hawked at, and killed.” This quote is extremely important as it is a reference to the beliefs of the time period. The Old Man is saying that last Tuesday, majestic and powerful falcon was taken down and killed by a weak owl. At this time, and it is still continued today in films and books, is the belief that the natural world responds to an upcoming tragedy. It is not normal for a weak owl to take down a powerful falcon, which is an example of the natural world acting in accordance to the imminence of the Kings death.
Rosse: And Duncan’s horses, (a thing most strange and certain)//Beauteous and swift, the minions of their race,// Turned wild in nature, broke their stalls, flung out// Contending ‘gainst obedience, as they would make War with mankind. This quote is also very significant as it is another example and reference to the beliefs at the time period. In this quote, Rosse is saying that the Kings horses, a calm and obedient breed and the best of their type, became feral and wild, and ate each other, the complete contrast of their usual nature. This is another example of how the natural world acting in accordance to the imminence of the Kings death, a common belief of the time period.
Macduff: “Lest our old robes sit easier than our new.” In this quote, Macduff is saying that he has doubts in Macbeths rule.
Point: Shakespeare uses forceful metaphors and personifications to flaunt Macbeth’s malevolent desires and ambitions
Example: Macbeth speaks aside to the audience expressing his thoughts on King Duncan’s latest announcement that his son, Malcolm is hereafter pronounced Prince of Cumberland – the heir to the throne.
(Aside) The Prince of Cumberland! – That is a step// On which I must fall down, or else o’erleap,// For in my way it lies. Stars, hide your fires!// Let not light see my black and deep desires;// The eye wink at the hand, yet let that be,// Which the eye fears, when it is done, to see. /–/
In this passage spoken by Macbeth, he expresses his ‘deep and dark desires’ in which he wishes to kill Malcolm, King Duncan’s successor to the throne. This is illustrated through the use of metaphors and personifications. This piece of information embeds an implication in the storyline because we as an audience, are now aware of Macbeth’s tenebrous intents and desires to kill Malcolm and ultimately King Duncan, whereas the characters living in the play are blissfully unaware of this prospect. Macbeth illustrates his recognition that Malcolm stands in the way of him successing the throne by saying, The Prince of Cumberland! – That is a step// On which I must fall down, or else o’erleap,// For in my way it lies. When Macbeth’s says, “That is a step on which I must fall down, or else o’erleap”, he is saying that Malcolm, the Prince of Cumberland will be his downfall, or otherwise he will have to overcome him.
In this extract from the passage, we are alerted as an audience of Macbeth’s morbid intendments when he says, Stars, hide your fires!// Let not light see my black and deep desires; In this extract spoken by Macbeth, he is asking fate to hide his actions, and mask his “dark and deep” desires.
“The eye wink at the hand, yet let that be,// Which the eye fears, when it is done, to see. ” Finally, in this last extract from this very important passage spoken by Macbeth, he says let my hand blindly do what it must (without me looking), but carry out acts that my eyes will fear to see when completed.
Macbeth’s ambitions expressed by Shakespeare in this passage are in stark contrast to the Macbeth we knew prior to this passage. In Act 1, Scene 3, when the witches have made their prophecies that Macbeth will become King, he says, “If chance will have me King, why, Chance may crown me, Without my stir.” In this extract, Macbeth is saying that if fate has him destined to become King, then he will let fate run it’s course and not interfere. From this extract, you begin to associate a passive, gentle and patient character to Macbeth’s name, one that is not fazed whether he succeeds the crown. This character we have created is rapidly murdered in the first passage I analyzed, when his “deep and dark” desires are expressed to kill Duncan.
Act 1, Scene 1:
Characters: The three witches
Location: A desert place
Time: (Unknown) Before the end of the battle
Events: The witches plan to meet again once the battle has ended with Macbeth upon the heath.
All (witches): “Fair is foul, and foul is fair.”
Act 1, Scene 2:
Characters: King Duncan, Captain, Malcolm (Kings Son)
Location: Camp near Forres
Events: A wounded soldier tells his tales of the past battle. He tells of how Macbeth (King’s cousin) kills the rebel MacDonwald (fighting for the Norwegians). MacBeth’s bravery is praised. The Norweigan’s staged a huge comeback with reloaded weapons and new men. Scotland’s army appeared to be not so skilled as the Norweigeners. Scottish decided that the dead Norweigan soldiers were not allowed to be removed from the battlefield to be buried without a payment of $10,000 to the Scottish. Macbeth is entitled to the castle, land and everything that MacDonwald owned for being responsible for his death.
Captain: “Disdaining fortune, with his brandished steel, which smoked with bloody execution. Like Valours minion, carved out his passage,”
Captain: “As two spent swimmer, that cling together and choke their art.”
Act 1, Scene 3:
Characters: 3 witches, Macbeth, Banquo, Rosse, Angus.
Location: Upon the heath, the agreed meeting place from Scene 1.
Time: Once the battle has been lost and won.
Events: Witch one talks about her plan to stop a sailor from achieving a successful voyage because his wife had been rude to her. The witches predict Macbeth’s future, hailing him as the Thane of Cawdor and ‘shalt and king hereafter.” They also predict the future of Banquo, and tell him that he himself will not become King, although his descendants will be. Macbeth is told of the news that he has been titled the Thane of Cawdor by the arrival of Rosse and Angus, because of his bravery demonstrated in the battle by killing MacDonwald. This is met by confusion as the old Thane of Cawdor still lives, but also speculation towards the witches predictions seeing as their first one has come true.
Macbeth: “The Thane of Cawdor lives: why dress me in borrowed robes?”
Demonstrating Macbeth’s confusion that he has been crowned the Thane of Cawdor.
Macbeth: “If chance will have me King, why, Chance may crown me, Without my stir.
Referring to fate: Macbeth is saying that if he is destined to become king, then he will let destiny take his course without interfering.
Banquo: “And oftentimes, to win us to our harm, the instruments of Darkness tell us truths, Win us with honest trifles, to betrays, In deepest consequence.
Instruments of Darkness: Witches
Banquo is warning Macbeth that the witches may have been telling him the first truth, that he will become the Thane of Cawdor, in order to gain his trust. He worries that the witches other two predictions may be a lie to stir trouble.
Act 1, Scene 4:
Characters: Duncan, Malcolm, Banquo, Macbeth
Location: Forres, a room in the Kings Palace.
Time: After the witches make predictions for Banquo and Macbeth.
Events: Duncan personally thanks Macbeth for his valiant efforts in the bottle where he slew Macdonwald. The old Thane of Cawdor’s execution has now taken place. Malcolm publicly announces that Duncan, now the Prince of Cumberland, will be his heir.
Macbeth: “The Prince of Cumberland! – That is a step// On which I must fall down, or else o’erlap, // For in my way it lies. Stars, hide your fires! Let not light see my black and deep desires. The eye wink at hand, yet let that be, Which the eye fears, when it is done, to see.” He says that the Prince of Cumberland will be his downfall, or otherwise he will overcome him because he lies between himself and the throne. Fate, hide my actions and let not everyone see my evil thoughts and desires (let the darkness hide my actions). Let me blindly do what I must, so that my eyes can stay innocent to the actions that they fear.
Act 1, Scene 5:
Characters: Macbeth, Lady Macbeth, Messenger,
Location: A room in Macbeth’s castle.
Time: After Malcolm was crowned Prince of Cumberland and pronounced heir to the throne.
Events: Lady Macbeth reads a letter addressed to her from her husband telling her of the witches prophecies. She reflects that Macbeth is too kind to perform such a deed. A messenger comes to tell her about the King’s arrival and she plans to take control of the situation and kill the king for Macbeth. She says she wants to be “unsexed” because woman in that time were thought of as un-capable. She says that she has no compunctions so her conscience wouldn’t get in her way. Macbeth comes and tells her of the Kings stay, she says to him to leave the deed to her.
Lady Macbeth: “That tent on moral thoughts, unsex me here and fill me from the crown to the toe, top-full of direst cruelty!” Take away my feminity to the deed.
Lady Macbeth: Yet I do fear thy nature; it is too full o’ the milk of human kindness to catch the nearest way.” She fears that her husband is to weak and kind to fulfill the deed of killing the King.
Lady Macbeth: Art not without ambition, but without the illness should attend it: what thou wouldst highly. Though he is not without ambition.
Lady Macbeth: Look like an innocent flower, But be the serpent under’t. Appear peaceful on the outside, but on the inside, be the serpent who commits the awful deeds.)
Come, you spirits// That tend on mortal thoughts, unsex me here,//And fill me from the crown to the toe top-full//Of direst cruelty! make thick my blood:// Stop up the access and passage to remorse,// That no compunctious visitings of nature// Shake my fell nor keep peace between// The effect and it! Come to woman’s breasts,// And take my milk for gall, you murdering ministers,// Wherever in your slightness substances,//You wait on natures mischief! Come, thick night,// And pall thee in the dunnest smoke of hell,// That my keen knife see not the wound it makes.//Nor heaven peep through the blanket of the dark,//To cry ‘Hold, hold!’.
Act 1, Scene 6:
Characters: Duncan, Banquo, Lady Macbeth
Location: Outside Macbeth’s castle.
Time: After Macbeth and Lady Macbeth talk.
Events: Duncan arrives at the King’s castle and is welcomed by Lady Macbeth. They discuss Macbeth before proceeding inside.
Act 1, Scene 7:
Characters: Macbeth & Lady Macbeth
Location: A room in Macbeth’s castle.
Time: After Duncan arrives at the King’s castle and is greeted by Macbeth.
Events: Lady Macbeth and Macbeth talk about their plan to kill Duncan. Macbeth is having seconds thoughts and doubting his role in their plan. Lady Macbeth is appalled with her husbands’ doubts and calls him a coward and tells him he is too weak to follow through with his promise. She says that if she made a promise, she would follow through with it no matter what happens or what she may have to sacrifice. Lady Macbeth succeeds with convincing Macbeth to continue with the plan. She tells him of her plan to make Duncan’s guards drunk enough that they pass out, and then Macbeth will Duncan with the guard’s swords. Everyone will suspect that the guards were responsible for killing the King, and seeing as they were unconscious, they would neither be able to confirm nor deny whether this was true. Lady Macbeth and Macbeth will grieve for Duncan like everyone else to disguise the awful crime that they committed.
Lady Macbeth: Does unmake you. I have given suck, and know//How tender ‘t is to love the babe that milks me://I would, while it was smiling in my face,//Have plucked my nipple from his boneless gums,//And dashed the brains out, had I sworn as you//have done to this. In this quote, Lady Macbeth is saying that if she had made a promise like Macbeth had, she would do it no matter what. She would even tear the baby that she has nurtured and loved from her breasts and smash his head open, letting his brains spill out, if she had promised to do so.
New Hypothesis: Written language is a para-linguistic feature in its self.
Introduction: Communication via written language takes away a whole dimension of communication – paralinguistic and prosodic features, yet this dimension is the most important of them all. Anyone can say words in a monotonous tone, devoid of paralinguistic features like facial expressions, tone and pitch and body language, but would these words possess any meaning? Written communication resembles this, a language without any life, colour and meaning. It isn’t until we add in our written paralinguistic features such as emoticons that our written communication begins to form a living, breathing and flowering entity full of colour and passion. But what if in our written language, we have created a whole new dimension under the banner of paralinguistic features? What if written language is a paralinguistic feature in itself? Because paralinguistic features such as facial expressions, body language, pitch and tone, and context to surroundings are non-existent in written language without the use of emoticons or dictation, we have redesigned written communication into a modern functional paralinguistic feature over text that has the capability of portraying emotion, physical context, tone and pitch. Everything that we type in a text message has an underlying para-linguistic link because the way in which is worded or the language features used recreate the meaning displayed in our spoken language that reflects our personality and adds meaning and life to what we are saying. We have achieved the incredible and turned our electronic machines into living, breathing, talking devices. I am going to explore this inconceivable prospect through the analysis of the use of modern written language features such as homophonic logograms/logograms, acronyms, ellipsis, omitted punctuation, and use upper case letters.
Paragraph 1: Homophonic logograms/logograms
Homophones are an example of how written language is a paralinguistic feature in itself. A logogram is a character used to represent a word and is becoming increasingly used in our modern written communication over text. An example of a logogram is demonstrated in a written text communication between Annika and Abi, where Abi says “R u wearing mufti?” to Annika. The use of this logogram in this particular conversation is a paralinguistic feature because it adds meaning to behind the written words. It creates a very casual persona to the conversation, making it much more informal and personalized. Without the use of this logogram, “Are you wearing mufti?”, the words would have appeared on the screen as meaningless and generic. Yes, they would have had their literal meaning that they were assigned on their creation and graduation into the English Dictionary, but they would have been lacking all meaning related to context. The logogram adds meaning to the words that they would otherwise not have.
This platform has been created to enhance and enrich your learning at Mount Aspiring College. Its purpose is to provide you with an audience for your work (or work-in-progress) and you have the choice (by altering the ‘visibility’ of your posts) of whether your work on here is visible to the world, or only to your teacher.
Anything you post here in the public domain represents you and thus it’s important that you take care with that decision, but don’t be afraid to publish your work – as the feedback you may get from people at home, your peers and people from around the internet is only likely to enhance it.
Remember you can always access your class blog and all manner of resources through the Department of English main website – and by all means check out the sites of your peers to see what they’re getting up to as well.
If you have any questions for me, an excellent way to get an answer is to create a new private post on this journal. I am notified of any new posts and will reply swiftly to any queries.
Make the most of, and enjoy this new freedom in your English learning.